Career Guidance – Career Planning by K. Alex

Career Guidance  helps you choose a career that’s just right for you.

I. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences each.

1- What does the term ‘career’ mean?

A series of jobs that a person has in a particular area of work with more responsibilities as time passes.

2- Define ‘career planning’.

A life-long process a person goes through to learn about himself / herself, learn about careers and work situations and then make a career choice based on the research / information gathered.

3- What should be the major focus of career planning?

Matching personal goals with opportunities that are realistically available.

4- List our a few benefits of career planning.

  • To be prepared for the interviews
  • To develop a well-targeted resume
  • To have an increased sense of self-awareness
  • To realize the many career choices available
  • To develop relationships with human resource professionals

5- What are the guidelines for choosing a career?

  • Evaluate yourself
  • Research your options
  • Make connections
  • Get experience
  • See a counselor
  • Make decisions

6- How do connections help in searching for a suitable job?

Seeking valuable information from a person who has been in the same field of interest as career guidance. Networking / making connection is one of the essential steps in the transition from a student to a professional.

7- What is the role of a career counselor in charting out a career path?

The role of a career counselor in charting out a career path is as follows:

  • Guiding towards the correct path by discussing career options
  • Identify the candidate’s interests and strengths
  • Suggesting successful job search strategies
  • Reviewing resume and cover letter
  • Working on interview skills

8- List out the factors influencing career decisions.

  • Information / Research
  • Decision making experience
  • Personal factors

II. Answer the following in a paragraph of not more than 100 words each

1- Write a short note on ‘Guidelines for choosing a career’.

  1. Evaluate yourself: Understand your strengths, interests, skills and values when making career decisions. This will help you choose a career that will bring a sense of satisfaction.
  2. Research your options: Do some research into the career options like typical job duties, job outlook, salary range and major employers.
  3. Make connections: Seeking valuable information from a person who has been in the same field of interest.
  4. Get experience: Learning by doing is a valuable way to research (career guidance). The more experience you have, the better options you can explore.
  5. See a counselor: Refer answer number 7 from 1st main for this description.
  6. Make decisions: A good amount of research will help us make better and productive decisions. (121 words)

2- How does career planning play a major role in making career choices?

1st Refer answer number 2 from 1st main then continue.  Career planning will define the career path and it builds bridges from one’s current job / career to next job / career. Without career, planning one may easily stumble or lose direction. A planned career is safe and moves in the correct direction. (42 words)

3- What are the FAQs (frequently asked questions) about ‘Career fields’?

  1. What entry-level jobs are available in this field?
  2. What other career areas do you feel are related to your work?
  3. What career paths are generally available?
  4. What is the profile of the person most recently hired at my level?
  5. What are some of the current issues and trends in the field? (56 words)

4- List out the sample questions about a particular job title.

  • What do you do as a ___________?
  • How did you begin your career?
  • What is a typical day like for you?
  • How does your job affect your general lifestyle?
  • How does your position fit within the organization / industry / career field?
  • What are the rewards / challenges / frustrations of your work?
  • What are the major qualifications for success in this particular occupation? (64 words)

Notes for all the chapters can be found at Notes Archive


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