Women Empowerment – Women have always been the most vulnerable and oft-exploited section of the society in any age, time, place and society. In ancient times, due to the lack of opportunities and health facilities, low status of women became a vicious circle that needed to be broken to enhance the development of India. Since ages, women have been the victims of humiliation, torture, exploitation and violence.
Violence does not merely mean application of physical force, it can be mental, psychological and emotional as well. Violence in its broadest sense has been described as an act of person, which encroaches upon the freedom of another. But with the passage of time, society is now awakening to its responsibility towards women. ‘She means the world’ – promoting women empowerment may seem just one of the the goals, but this aspect is crucial for the success of several other reforms.
Women Empowerment – Violence against Women
Violence against women can be categorized under three broad categories:
- Criminal Violence as rape, abduction or murder
- Domestic Violence which includes dowry-deaths, wife battering, sexual abuse, maltreatment of widows
- Social Violence which includes forcing a wife or daughter-in-law to go for female-foeticide, eve-teasing, refusing to give a share to women in property, forcing a woman to commit Sati, forcing her into marriage business interests or family honor or harassing a woman for any other reason.
According to the National Crime Records Bureau (India) statistics on crime against women in India, a total of 2,44,270 incidents of crimes against women (both under IPC and other laws) were reported in the country during 2012 as compared to 2,28,650 in 2011. About 24,923 were the cases of rape alone, out of which offenders were known to the victims in as many as 24,470 (98.2%) cases.
The statistics are alarming and shocking. One must acknowledge that these are the reported cases. There are a host of other instances of violence, which go unreported due to fear of further violence, social stigma or even death. Violent crimes against women have been on an increase. It is ironical that in a land where goddesses are worshiped, the crime rate against women is so high.
Article on Women Empowerment in 150 Words
Indian women who increasingly refused to be trapped in a bad situation and were shedding silent tears reflect the long overdue empowerment of woman. Law is a tool for women empowerment and their better representation, which is must for a social change, There are various examples to prove that the laws have made women eligible for different roles in the world affairs.
Today, Hindu women have options to walk out of a bad marriage rather than live unhappily. Sever provisions of ‘Hindu Marriage Act, 1955’ laid down provisions of divorce and empowered the women to say goodbye to their long sufferings. The Act has several provisions relating to registration of marriage, restitution of conjugal rights, judicial separation and various grounds of divorce.
Now, women can get a share in ancestral property due to an amendment in ‘Hindu Succession Act, 1956’. There are other laws as well for strengthening the women power, such as ‘Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956’. As per the Muslim Shariyat Act, 1937′, a Muslim can can opt for divorce according to her will and get maintenance in the form of ‘Mehar’.